Without perception of a threat, there is no ability to assess it, or respond to it. In the aviation industry the environment of a pilot is the aircraft (cockpit), the weather and traffic situation as well as the air traffic controller the pilot is in contact with. U.S. Marine Jeff Cooper developed the Color Code concept to identify different levels of situational awareness and to help people understand how to act as someone who is situationally aware. As preppers, we need to be aware of our surroundings to safely conduct our business as usual.We also need to be aware of threats. If you don’t resist, you almost certainly will get killed. Your net of consciousness is extended out in a 360-degree circle. Posted by wbmaness on December 31, 2013. They are: So let's take a look at these. The “something” was the behavior exhibited by the supposed patient. The most extreme example of this is when you are asleep, but many people spend much of their day in this level of “unreadiness.” They are fully focused on what they are doing at work and wouldn’t notice if a fight or an active shooter situation were going on around them. This is the optimal condition for day-to-day life and should be the basis of your awareness. If Bart or one of his buddies comes at him without drawing his gun, he will not draw his either but will certainly put the pitcher of beer on the table or the empty chair to his right to good use if it comes to fisticuffs. It is a tough choice, but there is only one right answer.”. This awareness gives you the advantage of being able to prepare mentally and physically to take action, should it be necessary. Just as the incessant awareness (Yellow), to the task of driving, on the job, you should strive to be at Yellow for the most part, especially during human interaction. It is simple and easy to remember. It is an important behavior to practice as you go about your day. Red: The aggressive driver has caused an accident in your direct path. A tuned-up awareness is critical for pilot safety too. He is now in the first stages of Condition Red. Anything that shifts the focus from the task at hand can be considered a form of White. CPI’s NVCI vs. DT4EMS’ EVE – A simple comparison, “No one person can be controlled by another, unless they want you to.”. Our hero, who never lives in Condition White (except when he is knocked out), is sitting at a table in the local saloon, playing cards with a mixed group of friends and strangers. With this approach, you can move up and down this four-color continuum as the situation warrants, and you can also skip over some condition levels, if the situation calls for it. Not only did I learn the history of Salem and its infamous witch trials, I also learned that my dear friend completely lacks situational awareness. You need to move to the storm shelter to get away from the tornado or look for a doorway to shelter under if you don’t have time to get out of the building during an earthquake. All Rights Reserved, Situational Awareness: The Color Code Model, Replying to a personal text on your smartphone, Daydreaming about an upcoming recreational activity, Co-worker, another patient, or bystander asks you a question causing you to, The Yellow level, simply put, is when a person is, There is one caveat that affected me… learn how to not stay in orange. Unfortunately, many people cannot take that step from being aware of a threat to taking action to address that threat, because they haven’t prepared their minds to take aggressive or lethal action to nullify it. awareness. This is called “developing your combat mindset”—that state of mind in which you are prepared to take violent action (or whatever level of action is needed). This is where the CAVEMAN, the fight or flight/sympathetic responses to danger kick in. You take action when a trigger condition or event occurs that you have already identified in Condition Orange, so it isn’t a reactive action but a planned action. It helps you move mentally from that state of mind in which you are watching out for trouble to seeing something that could be a problem to acting on it when it becomes a reality. They remain preoccupied with thoughts of work, or personal problems, or how to get a date, or other trivialities, with no thought to their immediate environment. The Color Code of Awareness was originally defined by the late Jeff Cooper, Lt. Although that was in 1995, it still has purpose today. These numbers are in hexadecimal numeral system. Simply, it is 5 states of readiness. Copyright 2021 DT4EMS LLC. Although he is playing cards, when he is not checking his hand, he is looking at the others at his table and what is going on around the saloon. The following description of each state is … You are focused solely on the perceived threat. ... paying attention to their color code system, or OODA loops, but a lot of the time never really go in to what that means or why it is important. This doesn’t mean being paranoid or having an irrational fear. Fmr. Being in Condition Yellow allows you to react to threats quickly should they arise, because you will … The Color Codes of Mental and Situational Awareness This article will go over the Jeff Cooper color codes of awareness. As he looks up, he sees Black Bart and two of his sidekicks enter the saloon. An application of the color codes might be: White: You are distracted from driving by responding to texts on your smartphone. Anything that causes an awareness distraction from our surroundings can place a person in White. Colonel USMC (ret) and founder of Gunsite.Cooper is well known for developing "the Modern Technique" of handgun shooting and is one of the 20th century's foremost international experts on the use and history of small arms.He is also responsible for advocating the four basic rules of firearms safety. You are also not so focused on the identified potential threat that you ignore the rest of your environment: You don’t develop tunnel vision, and you keep your head on a swivel. CCW Lifestyle Series # 12 – Situational Awareness and Color Codes. His back is to the wall so he can see the whole room and nobody can sneak up on him. Tires screeching, as vehicles are crisscrossing, some spun out of control, and even a rollover. Our hero focuses his attention on Bart but continues to scan the room—this time, making sure to keep tabs on the two sidekicks. If the tornado moves toward you or your office building starts to shake, your trigger conditions have been tripped; you are now in Condition Red. This would include using your mirrors to observe behind you. He is now in Condition Orange, because he knows that Bart has been looking for him ever since he helped the sheriff put Bart’s kid brother in jail. That is what Colonel Jeff Cooper’s four-level color code is for. That is what Colonel Jeff Cooper’s four-level color code is for. You now observe as it weaves in and out of traffic, dangerously close to the vehicles ahead of you. By not paying attention to their surroundings, That action might be shooting someone who attacks you or those around you, or it might be taking a lesser level of action, such as proactively disarming the person, using pepper spray to blind him, knocking him out with your fists or a club, or escaping an active shooter by fleeing through an exit before the shooter gets to you. States of Awareness, the Cooper Color Codes By Tom Givens Most people stumble through life, blissfully unaware of the world around them. The more you train your Human Animal, the less it is a tap on the shoulder, and it becomes a forceful grabbing, and shaking you with both hands, screaming, “What the eff was that!?”. If one of them draws a six-gun, our hero will do the same, take out Bart first and then move his focus to the two sidekicks. If something dangerous started to play out, they would not notice it. If you see that either one is happening near you, you should immediately move into Condition Orange and think about what you need to do in your current situation and the steps you would take if you have to go to Condition Red. Share. The Colors of Situational Awareness. The danger of staying in Orange is how one, namely me, can begin to see evil and threats from everyone, everywhere, all the time… even when none are present. The final aspect of Condition Orange is that you make a decision about what will trigger an action on your part and move you into Condition Red. White is a level characterized as being completely unaware of one’s surroundings. Description. So, to put it all together, let’s think about an old Western movie. “Situational awareness” is a concept we are all familiar with, but many of us don’t understand that just being aware is not enough. Update: 2015-03-06. Two concepts you should learn to keep yourself safe are situational awareness and color codes. Article updated on July 21, 2017. This color-code awareness is something to aid you as you practice Saving Yours, While You Save Others #SYWYSO remember to share our posts with peers. It was a process I applied on the street, throughout my careers in law enforcement and EMS. The material on this site may not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with the express prior written permission of Engaged Media. First we will give a brief explanation of each color-coded level, while applying them to a common scenario of triaging an intoxicated “patient.”. Situational Awareness: The Color Code Model. For example, during a natural disaster such as a tornado or an earthquake, you should be in Condition Yellow if a tornado alert has been sounded or if you feel the initial tremors. In Condition Red, what had been just a potential threat changes into an actual threat and, if you are attacked or threatened, you will have to act. Color Codes of Awareness … Ammoland Inc. Posted on May 27, 2014 June 2, 2017 by Bob Harvey. Bart starts a commotion at the bar that catches our hero’s attention and allows the more ugly of the two sidekicks to sneak around behind him, raising the butt of his pistol to knock out our hero. Bart turns around, takes a sip of his whiskey and sees our hero. Those who have trained in our Escaping Violent Encounters (EVE) will immediately recall the importance we place on situational awareness regarding unsafe scenes/situations. San Diego County Gun Owners December 7, 2020 Rostra General Posts, San Diego County Gun Owners Leave a … Situational Awareness-Left of Bang-Beyond the Color Codes and OODA Loops. As taught by Cooper, the color code includes mental states of White, Yellow, Orange and Red. The concept of a color code of survival relates career, volunteer, and off-duty personnel. WHAT IS COOPER’S COLOR CODE? EMT Stabbed in the Heart, walks to the hospital and LIVES! These colors illustrate our mindset as we go about our normal day or when we have been called to duty. Yellow is THE key to being able to perceive a threat. I learned a lot on that trip. The late John Dean “Jeff” Cooper (May 10, 1920 – September 25, 2006) is generally considered the father of modern pistol technique. If you resist, you just may get killed. 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